Some Australian and US states as well as Canadian provinces have been removed from the UK's approved list for gender recognition certificates, while China and Iran have been added.
People coming to the United Kingdom from places no longer on the list will have to provide medical reports in order to get such a certificate once new rules come into effect.
Some countries and territories on the previously approved list have made changes to their systems which mean they are not considered to have "similarly rigorous" systems as those in the UK, Kemi Badenoch told Parliament.
The list had been "long overdue" an update, having last been refreshed in 2011, the women and equalities minister told the Commons.
While Badenoch did not announce which countries were being added or removed, a draft order laid before parliament on Wednesday afternoon showed South Australia and New York City are among the places stripped from the list.
Victoria and Tasmania have also been removed, alongside the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia.
New Zealand, Mexico, Spain, Norway and Switzerland are among the countries removed.
The US states of California, New Jersey, New York, Florida and Colorado have all been left off the new list.
Additions to the updated list include China, Cuba, India, Iran, Sri Lanka and Belarus.
Ms Badenoch said the changes were being made for fairness and that people coming from overseas must satisfy the criteria for UK legal gender recognition.
Currently, someone can apply for a gender recognition certificate (GRC) if they are 18 or over, have been diagnosed with gender dysphoria in the UK, have been living in their affirmed gender for at least two years, and intend to live in this gender for the rest of their life.
If someone has had their gender previously recognised in one of the countries or territories on the approved list, they do not need to provide medical reports when applying for gender recognition in the UK.
Australian Associated Press