Satellites will begin operation at the Midwest site of the world's largest project of its kind in the next two months.
At the launch of National Science Week in Perth this morning, Federal Minister for Science and Research Chris Evans said the Square Kilometre Array project was on track.
Mr Evans said data would begin being transmitted from satellites as part of a precursor project at the Murchison site in the next two months.
"The pathfinder project which we started a couple of years ago, which is the precursor to the big project is almost complete, 36 large dishes have already been erected in the Murchison."
"We're about to go live with the transmission of data," he said.
Science and Innovation Minister John Day said the SKA project itself was about to enter a detailed design phase.
There is hope that the SKA project could answer some of the biggest questions, including how our universe formed and if there is life beyond Earth.
Australia and New Zealand will operate low frequency antennas as part of the joint project with South Africa.
Phase one of the SKA project will be designed and developed over the next three to four years and constructed between 2016 and 2019 and the second phase is expected to be completed about 2024.
Mr Day said more than $10.7million in State Government-funded preparatory work had been completed as part of the project.
He said the work done included the development of access corridors and vehicle tracks and the installation of data and power connections meant the site would be ready to accommodate transformational radio astronomy and space-related science.
"The state government's investment will ensure the site is ready for the SKA and coincides perfectly with CSIRO's aim to switch on the first six ASKAP antennas later this year," he said.